Are you Suffering with Thyroid?
The thyroid is endocrine gland, which is present in the lower front of the neck just below the larynx (the voice box). Its shape is just like a butterfly. Thyroid is one of the most important organs, as creates hormones, which later passed into the blood and then to every tissue in the body.
Likewise, the hormones created by Thyroid-control the way every tissue in our body uses energy. They are essential to help each cell in our body’s tissue, as it controls the body’s temperature, blood pressure, heart rate, and the rate at which the food is turned into energy (i.e. metabolism).
Therefore, any malfunctioning of thyroid may create a big problem for our health. This article discusses about the thyroid-problem i.e. ‘Hypothyroidism’.
Hypothyroidism is a sort of thyroid-problem or disease. Actually, hypothyroidism means under active thyroid (“hypo” means “under”). In hypothyroidism, the thyroid does not make sufficient thyroid-hormone that normally a body is required.
Resultantly, the low thyroid-hormone levels slow down the body functions causing dry skin, loss of energy, memory loss, etc.
Causes of Thyroid-Hypothyroidism:
There are many causes of hypothyroidism; however, the most common causes are:
- Surgical removal of part or whole of the thyroid-gland: This is one of the most common causes, normally, the people suffering from thyroid-cancer or any other major problems of thyroid need to take radiation therapy or in extreme case removal of part of or whole of thyroid that ultimately lead to hypothyroidism.
- Autoimmune disease: In some cases, the body immune system mistakenly invades thyroid and damage it; resultantly, the damaged thyroid does not create enough hormone required for the body causing hypothyroidism.
- Congenital hypothyroidism: Some babies born either without thyroid or partly developed thyroid that lead to hypothyroidism.
- Medicines: Some medicines like amiodarone, interferon alpha, lithium, and interleukin-2 can refrain thyroid-gland from being able to make hormone normally and ultimately causes hypothyroidism.
- Too much or too little iodine: Use of either too much or too little iodine may cause hypothyroidism.
- Thyroid diseases: Some thyroid-diseases including thyroiditis may also cause hypothyroidism.
Sign and Symptoms of Thyroid-Hypothyroidism:
As thyroid has significant functions; hence hypothyroidism leads to major problems, which have many symptoms, important of them are:
- Low energy level
- Easily get tired
- Problem in awakening in the morning
- Need more sleep
- To fall asleep even during the day
- Feeling cold even on normal warm temperature
- Less sweating
- Drier and itchier skin
- More hair loss
- Loss of appetite
- Memory problems and slower thinking process
- Muscle cramps and joint aches
- Feeling of pins and needles in the hands and feet (paresthesia)
- Constipation problem
- Feeling irritable
- Worsening depression or sadness
- Goiter (swelling in front of the neck, which is caused by enlargement of the thyroid)
- Slowing of heart rate
Diagnosis of Thyroid-Hypothyroidism:
Depending upon the symptoms and severity of the problems, doctors can choose any or couple of methods from the following:
- Medical and family history
- Physical examination of the body
- Blood test
- Thyroid-stimulating hormone test (TSH Test)
- T4 test
Treatment and Drugs of Thyroid-Hypothyroidism:
Hypothyroidism can be treated and, in most of the cases, it is completely controlled. Hypothyroidism in fact is treated by replacing the amount of hormone that normally thyroid-left to create. However, it needs to make sure that the T4 and TSH stay at normal levels.
Synthetic thyroxine (also known as L-thyroxine or levothyroxine) pills contain hormone (like T4), which is a healthy-thyroid makes naturally. Unfortunately, patient needs to take Synthetic thyroxine every day for rest of the life.
Prevention from Thyroid-Hypothyroidism:
In normal cases, as its causes are medical (largely) hence prevention is also difficult; however, as mentioned above, take iodine in balanced form neither more nor less.
Secondly, pregnant women and new born babies must get checked up for the normal thyroid-gland.