Do you know, Preterm Birth may Raise Autism Risk?
As many people say that, preterm birth may cause autism risk, let us discuss more about this. Autism spectrum disorder is called ASD, is the name used for a specific way of behavioural and developmental problems and the challenges going with them. A diagnosis of ASD means that your child’s social, communication, and playing skills are affected in some way. The word spectrum in ASD means that every child is unique and has its own different combination of characteristics.
Autism is a neuro developmental disorder developing in early childhood and in most cases it remains throughout the life. Autism is a severe disorder, and is difficult to detect in young age. Very premature (preterm birth) toddler may have an increased risk of being diagnosed with autism at the age of 2 to 4 years. The autistic disorders related to preterm birth is medicated primarily by prenatal and neonatal complications that occurring more among preterm birth infants.
The children who were born pre-term have revealed differences in connectivity in the key regions of the brain that may play a role in development disorder. The scan of brain for pre-term infants is different than the full term infant.
Autism children behaviour condition is different than the normal children, such as deficit hyperactivity disorder and poor attention.
A diagnosis is based on the reference of doctors or psychologist observers, who learns about your child behaviour and developmental in the early years, and that person finds out the whole history of your child, while talking to you or to talk the person who knows your child very well.
Symptoms of ASD:
- A learning disability
- Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Sleep problems
- Sensory difficulties
- Spoken language
- Speech development, usually at age of two the child with ASD speaks less word compare to other child of same ages
- Frequent repetition of words
- Speech sound is flat
- Speak using single words rather than in sentences.
- Responding to others
- Not responding being called with their names, though they hear normal.
- Rejecting hugged initiated by parents.
- Reacting unusually negative when asked to do something by someone else.
- Interacting with Others
- Not being aware of other people space and don’t tolerate if someone enter his personal space.
- Little interested in interacting with other people, including with same age children.
- Not enjoying situations that most of the children like to enjoy for instance birthday party.
- prefer like to play alone rather than playing with others.
- Avoid eye contact while communicating and rarely use facial expression and gesture.
- Do repetitive movements with flapping their hands, rocking back and flicking their fingers.
- Having unusual sensory interest, for example children with ASD may sniff people, object or toys.
- Having strong likes or dislikes of certain color of food, food based on the texture or certain taste.
- Prefer to have a family routine and getting very upset if routine changes.
- Playing with toys in a repetitive and unimaginative way.
Available Strategies and approaches for ASD:
Any treatment should focus upon important aspects of your child’s development as follows:
- Communication Skills: delay of speech and learn with the help of pictures.
- Imaginative Skills: encouraging to play
- Academic Skills: the traditional skills in which the child need to progress in math, writhing, reading and in education.
- Social Interaction Skills: have ability to understand others feelings and respond to them.
The local specialist involves taking care for children with ASD, is called local autism team. The team is segregated as follows:
- A Pediatrician
- A learning disability specialist
- A speech and language therapist
- An educational and social care service
- Mental health specialist such as psychiatrist
Tips useful to communicate with your child:
- Use simple language
- Call your child with their name , so they knows that you are addressing them.
- Speak slowly and clearly, with pauses between words.
- Minimize any background noises.
There is no medical cure of ASD, due to which doctor can only help in developing some skills, but cannot change the future of ASD child, however, they hope that they live normal life fully and satisfying.