Memory and Mind:
More often you noticed that you are not able to remember whole story rather you remember only part of it, but some people can remember better than you. For example, if you have shown a list of 50 words, then how many words you can recall – 7, 9, 12, or 20, some people can recall even 40 or more. Take another example, immediately after watching a movie, try to recall – how many dialogues or/and other video scenes you can remember.
Now the questions are:
- Why it happens?
- Why not you can reproduce whole story?
- Why some people can reproduce greater/lesser than you?
All these happen because of strength of your mind and memory. So, this chapter will discuss everything (including concept, types, and how to improve) about your memory.
What is Mind?
Mind is simply an ability of a person that helps him/her to recall (anything audio, video, text or image), perceive any substantial (physical objects) or abstract things, think and analyze, give a judgement, or to perform any such kind of work.
What is Memory?
Memory is the sum total of the thing that we can remember and later we can produce in same or other way. For example, listening a story or watching a movie and later narrate the same story or movie in front of others (it is the memory).
Whatever, we learn, see, read, observe, hear we retain them either partially or in totality (not necessarily whole but the summary). Later recalling or reproducing them in same or other form is memory.
Types of Memory:
Following are the important types of memory:
- Sensory Memory: It stores or keeps record of recently experienced things, such as designs, headlines, pictures, etc. This memory is frequently replaced by similar kind of information perceived later. So, the point is – as new information comes, the previous stored one missed out. However, if you try to remember any of this information, then it retains for longer period.
- Short-Term Memory: It is the capacity to retain part of information in mind, but only for short period of time. For example, if you have been taught the easy technique to solve a complicated problem, then after some days, you would be able to produce only part of that technique (unless you practice that again and again to memorize full).
- Long-Term Memory: It is the capacity to hold information (even complex one) in mind in a consolidated form for longer period of time. Long-term memory normally is used for the reference. For example, route to go your home; you did not visit your native place in last 10 years even a single time, still you can guide someone how to reach your home.
How Human Brain Works?
Human brain consists of billions of nerve cells, which are arranged in such a pattern that manage and synchronize thought, behaviour, movement, emotion, and sensation. A complex artery system of nerves connects brain to the rest of the body; likewise, communication occurs. For example, imagine how your eyelids get down (to protect eyes) even after a small gust of wind.
How We Remember and Forget?
In yesterday’s breakfast, what did you eat, most probably you don’t remember, but one of your childhood incidents, you can easily recall – how?
For a normal human being:
- What does he/she remember?
- How does he/she remember?
- Why does he/she forget some information and some does not?
- What information does he/she forget?
These questions have not a random reply, as a normal human being does not remember some incident and forget some randomly.
There are some specific conditions under which we do remember some incidents; on the contrary, there is as such no condition for forgetting the information; just ignore or leave it (neither think nor repeat about it), you will forget. Normally, the information, which is/are not worth or important for the future, people prefer to forget.
However, following are some significant conditions that help to remember the information/incidents:
- Outstanding: Some information could be very interesting (because of any reason – it might be your favourite), incidental, or frightening (might be circumstantial); in these conditions, people do not forget; rather this information get stored in long-term memory.
- Repetition: Consistent repetition of some information (either by choice or by force) gets stored in long term memory.
- Personal Association: This is the most common one; many of the incident and information get stored in long term memory only because of some associated incident (of any sort). For example, if someone tried to steal some money from his father’s valet and caught and beaten; this sort of incident gets stored in long term memory.
How to Improve Memory?
Of course, memory can be improved at any point of time (irrespective of your age). A strategic plan, hard determination, and consistent effort can improve your memory. Following are the important tips, which practice may help you to improve your memory:
- Healthy Eating: Healthy eating and balanced food is very important for your brain. To increase the strength of mind, you need to take nutritious diet. For example, seasonal vegetables and fruits should remain staple and essential items in your everyday food.
- Mind Exercise: Mind game of any sort is very helpful in improving the memory, as it helps mind to work with full concentration. For example, if you are solving a puzzle (anything like jumble words, crosswords, reasoning, etc.), at this time, your brain works with full concentration that helps to improve the strength.
- Physical Exercise: You must be thinking, how a physical exercise can improve your memory, how it is related, etc. Remember, physical exercise keeps you fit and healthy; likewise, you remain happy. Strength of the mind (memory) can be increased ONLY in a healthy and happy human body.
Some other tips, which are equally important:
- Have Good Sleep: Consistent good sleep is an essential element to maintain a good health that ultimately leads to good memory.
- Healthy Relationship: Today, imbalance in personal relationship is the reason of most of the health problem that directly affect your memory as well. So, maintain a healthy relationship in your life.
- Cure Health Problem: If you have any sort of health or mental problem, diagnose it and get it treated immediately.
- Pay Attention to Information: The information that you want to store in long term memory, simply pay attention for that; if possible repeat that, rehearse that, and also associate with some other things that you can easily recall.
Moreover, the human mind is one of the most sensitive parts of the body that governs whole body system as well as external behaviour of a human being; therefore, it has to be taken care with greater attention.